Cannabis used in the United States is on the rise. In 2018, a study notes that the use of cannabis on a regular basis among American adults is extremely increasing , while the use among teens has lessened. The industry is growing in part since cannabis can be a versatile form of medicine. Several research studies indicate that cannabis has the ability to contribute with a variety of health conditions, such as anxiety, severe fatigue, and epilepsy. However, as any recreational or medicinal marijuana user could tell you, not all marijuana is identical. Distinct cannabis strains produce different impacts and therefore can be used for various reasons.
What are Cannabis Strains?
Cannabis strains either are pure or crossbreed variants of the plant made from the species of Sativa, Indica, and Ruderalis. Varieties are produced to enhance the specific characteristics of the plant or to differentiate the strain for marketing purposes or to make it more effective as a stimulant. Variety titles are commonly chosen by their cultivators and often represent the characteristics of the plant, such as the flavor, color, aroma, or ancestry of the variety. Cannabis Sativa, Indica, and hybrid, dispensaries may be able to multiply the variants of marijuana they had in the strains. Cannabis Strains are basically various types of marijuana and are bred to have particular effects on the person. These variants are being grown to generate a large percentage of cannabidiol. Many other varieties of cannabis, known as hemp, have a quite low cannabinoid content and are instead developed for their protein and seeds.
Variety of Weed Strains
The two most commonly cultivated species of the Cannabis gene are Cannabis indica and Cannabis sativa. The third species of cannabis is Ruderalis, it is quite short and generates only small traces of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC and therefore is not usually grown for industrial, aesthetics, or medicinal purposes. Though Cannabis Ruderalis flowers autonomously of the photoperiod and according to age, it’s been used to produce autoflowering strains. Pure Sativas are remarkably tall up to 4.5 meters, with long interns and branches, and wide, narrow-blade leaves. Pure Indica varieties are narrower and busher with broader leaflets. They are sometimes preferred by indoor growers because of their sizes. Sativa’s flowers, later than indicated, often take a month or two longer to mature.
The qualitative impacts of Sativa and Indica have been shown to differ, but the percentage of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) to cannabidiol (CBD) in many of the labeled medication varieties of both types is similar. Indica landraces exhibit plants with varying THC / CBD ratios, as opposed to most commercially developed strains. Sativa is popular as the more “head-high”, energizing strain where psychoactivity is more common, while Indica is popular as to be more “body-high” that helps pain and is also used as a sedative. The unofficial classification of Sativa and Indica may have different, controversial definitions. Morphologically the name sativa refers to big plants with small leaves, and indica refers to short plants with large leaves. Though, in the marijuana industry, Sativa refers to more equatorial variants that produce psychoactive stimulating effects, while Indica is a type of plant from Central Asia used for relaxation and sedative medications.
Marijuana Genetic Stability
In order to accomplish genetic stability within the weed strains, the breeder has to go through breeding and selection, classifying the recessive and dominant genes within the two weed strains being hybrid. After evaluating the offspring with the preferred traits the breeder is looking for, the breeder will select the preferred traits and continue to breed the offspring in order to produce the desired final product. Selection is a critical process for the breeder to produce a strain, especially if the client is looking for something with specific plant traits, the breeder must ensure that the genetic traits of the hybrid have been sufficiently closed so that the unwanted traits are not expressed in future harvests.
How to choose a strain?
Weed strains that users choose depend on the effects the users want. As mentioned earlier, cannabis has a variety of medical purposes, but certain strains are best suited to some conditions than the others. It is also worth investigating the possible adverse effects of the strain. Most of the more common strains you may discover is dry eyes and nausea as potential side effects. Cannabis also has the capacity to communicate with drugs that you may be taking. Do not use machines and equipment while using cannabis.